There is a lot of confusion about the term ketosis among medical professionals as well as laypeople. Ketogenic diets have been used to treat epilepsy in children. There is some evidence that adults with epilepsy may benefit from such a diet as well. Ketogenic diets usually induce weight loss. Insulin sensitivity is improved, and there may be some other metabolic advances as well. Therefore, low-carbohydrate diets and periodic fasting has become very popular worldwide.